beta-adrenergic stimulation synchronizes intracellular Ca2+ release duringexcitation-contraction coupling in cardiac myocytes

Citation
Ls. Song et al., beta-adrenergic stimulation synchronizes intracellular Ca2+ release duringexcitation-contraction coupling in cardiac myocytes, CIRCUL RES, 88(8), 2001, pp. 794-801
Citations number
39
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Cardiovascular & Hematology Research
Journal title
CIRCULATION RESEARCH
ISSN journal
0009-7330 → ACNP
Volume
88
Issue
8
Year of publication
2001
Pages
794 - 801
Database
ISI
SICI code
0009-7330(20010427)88:8<794:BSSICR>2.0.ZU;2-O
Abstract
To elucidate microscopic mechanisms underlying the modulation of cardiac ex citation-contraction (EC) coupling by beta -adrenergic receptor (beta -AR) stimulation, we examined local Ca2+ release function, ie, Ca2+ spikes at in dividual transverse tubule-sarcoplasmic reticulum (T-SR) junctions, using c onfocal microscopy and our recently developed technique for release flux me asurement. beta -AR stimulation by norepinephrine plus an alpha (1)-adrener gic blocker, prazosin, increased the amplitude of SR Ca2+ release flux (J(S R)), its running integral (integralJ(SR)), and L-type Ca2+ channel current (I-Ca), and it shifted their bell-shaped voltage dependence leftward by app roximate to 10 mV, with the relative effects ranking I-Ca> J(SR)>integralJ( SR). Confocal imaging revealed that the bell-shaped voltage dependence of S R Ca2+ release is attributable to a graded recruitment of T-SR junctions as well as to changes in Ca2+ spike amplitudes. beta -AR stimulation increase d the fractional T-SR junctions that fired Ca2+ spikes and augmented Ca2+ s pike amplitudes, without altering the SR Ca2+ load, suggesting that more re lease units were activated synchronously among and within T-SR junctions. M oreover, beta -AR stimulation decreased the latency and temporal dispersion of Ca2+ spike occurrence at a given voltage, delivering most of the Ca2+ a t the onset of depolarization rather than spreading it out throughout depol arization. Because the synchrony of Ca2+ spikes affects Ca2+ delivery per u nit of time to contractile myofilaments, and because the myofilaments displ ay a steep Ca2+ dependence, our data suggest that synchronization of SR Ca2 + release represents a heretofore unappreciated mechanism of beta -AR modul ation of cardiac inotropy.