Observation of the closing of individual hydrogen bonds during TFE-inducedhelix formation in a peptide

Citation
Va. Jaravine et al., Observation of the closing of individual hydrogen bonds during TFE-inducedhelix formation in a peptide, PROTEIN SCI, 10(5), 2001, pp. 943-950
Citations number
46
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Biochemistry & Biophysics
Journal title
PROTEIN SCIENCE
ISSN journal
0961-8368 → ACNP
Volume
10
Issue
5
Year of publication
2001
Pages
943 - 950
Database
ISI
SICI code
0961-8368(200105)10:5<943:OOTCOI>2.0.ZU;2-I
Abstract
Helix formation of an S-peptide analog, comprising the first 20 residues of Ribonuclease A and two additional N-terminal residues, was studied by meas uring hydrogen bond (H-bond) (h3)J(NC') scalar couplings as a function of 2 ,2,2-trifluoroethanol (TFE) concentration. The (h3)J(NC') couplings give di rect evidence for the closing of individual backbone N-H . .O=C H-bonds dur ing the TFE-induced formation of secondary structure. Whereas no (h3)J(NC') correlations could be detected without TFE, alpha -helical (i,i +4) H-bond correlations were observed for the amides of residues A5 to M15 in the pre sence of TFE. The analysis of individual coupling constants indicates that a-helix formation starts at the center of the S-peptide around residue Ell and proceeds gradually from there to both peptide ends as the TFE concentra tion is increased. At 60% to 90% TFE, well-formed a-helical H-bonds were ob served for the amides hydrogens of residues K9 to Q13, whereas H-bonds of r esidues T5 to A8, H14, and M15 are affected by fraying. No intramolecular b ackbone H-bonds are present at and beyond the putative helix stop signal D1 6. As the (h3)J(NC') constants represent ensemble averages and the dependen ce of (h3)J(NC') on H-bond lengths is very steep, the size of the individua l (h3)J(NC') coupling constants can be used as a measure for the population of a closed H-bond. These individual populations sire in agreement with re sults derived from the Lifson-Roig theory for coil-to-helix transitions. Th e present work shows that the closing of individual H-bonds during TFE-indu ced helix formation can be monitored by changes in the size of H-bond scala r couplings.