An extended hydrophobic core induces EF-hand swapping

Citation
M. Hakansson et al., An extended hydrophobic core induces EF-hand swapping, PROTEIN SCI, 10(5), 2001, pp. 927-933
Citations number
31
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Biochemistry & Biophysics
Journal title
PROTEIN SCIENCE
ISSN journal
0961-8368 → ACNP
Volume
10
Issue
5
Year of publication
2001
Pages
927 - 933
Database
ISI
SICI code
0961-8368(200105)10:5<927:AEHCIE>2.0.ZU;2-K
Abstract
The structure of calbindin D-9k With two substitutions was determined by X- ray crystallography at 1.8-Angstrom resolution. Unlike wild-type calbindin D9k, which is a monomeric protein with two EF-hands, the structure of the m utated calbindin D-9k reveals an intertwined dimer. In the dimer, two EF-ha nds of the monomers have exchanged places, and thus a 3D domain-swapped dim er has been formed. EF-hand I of molecule A is packed toward EF-hand II of molecule B and vice versa. The formation of a hydrophobic cluster, in a reg ion linking the EF-hands, promotes the conversion of monomers to 3D domain- swapped dimers. We propose a mechanism by which domain swapping takes place via the apo form of calbindin D-9k. Once formed, the calbindin D-9k dimers are remarkably stable, as with even larger misfolded aggregates like amylo ids. Thus calbindin D-9k dimers cannot be converted to monomers by dilution . However, heating can be used for conversion, indicating high energy barri ers separating monomers from dimers.