Quench protection heater studies of the 3rd 1-m model magnet for the KEK-LHC low-beta quadrupoles

Citation
Ee. Burkhardt et al., Quench protection heater studies of the 3rd 1-m model magnet for the KEK-LHC low-beta quadrupoles, IEEE APPL S, 11(1), 2001, pp. 1621-1624
Citations number
7
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Apllied Physucs/Condensed Matter/Materiales Science
Journal title
IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON APPLIED SUPERCONDUCTIVITY
ISSN journal
1051-8223 → ACNP
Volume
11
Issue
1
Year of publication
2001
Part
2
Pages
1621 - 1624
Database
ISI
SICI code
1051-8223(200103)11:1<1621:QPHSOT>2.0.ZU;2-6
Abstract
In superconducting magnets with large energies, quench protection heaters ( QPHs) are necessary to prevent localized quenches. If the full energy of a magnet is dissipated into a small volume, the magnet may suffer irreparable damage. The QPHs are used to heat the surface of the coil to increase the size of the normal zone so the heat is dissipated over a larger volume. As a result, the maximum temperature after a quench will be reduced. The KEK l ow-beta quadrupole 1-m model magnets for the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) ha ve four QPHs on the outer surface of the coil. A capacitive power supply wi th 7.2 mF/channel and a maximum charge of 400 V is used to Are the heaters, yielding a maximum energy of 576 J/channel. The QPH set-up used at CERN ha s an initial current of 54 A and a time-constant of 118 ms. Because the pow er supply used for the KEK 1-m model is not identical to the power supplies used at CERN for the 6-m production magnets, a similar set-up is achieved by connecting two power supply channels in parallel and adding an external resistor to each circuit giving an initial current of 52.6 A with a time-co nstant of 109 ms. Several aspects of the performance of the QPHs for the th ird 1-m model magnet (LHCIRQ03) have been studied: full energy dump (compar ed with and model, LHCIRQ02), full charge on QPHs at 215 T/m, determine the minimum magnet current at which the QPHs can initiate a quench, and spot h eater tests (both with and without the QPHs).