Survey of infections due to Staphylococcus species: Frequency of occurrence and antimicrobial susceptibility of isolates collected in the United States, Canada, Latin America, Europe, and the Western Pacific region for the SENTRY Antimicrobial Surveillance Program, 1997-1999

Citation
Dj. Diekema et al., Survey of infections due to Staphylococcus species: Frequency of occurrence and antimicrobial susceptibility of isolates collected in the United States, Canada, Latin America, Europe, and the Western Pacific region for the SENTRY Antimicrobial Surveillance Program, 1997-1999, CLIN INF D, 32, 2001, pp. S114-S132
Citations number
40
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Clinical Immunolgy & Infectious Disease",Immunology
Journal title
CLINICAL INFECTIOUS DISEASES
ISSN journal
1058-4838 → ACNP
Volume
32
Year of publication
2001
Supplement
2
Pages
S114 - S132
Database
ISI
SICI code
1058-4838(20010515)32:<S114:SOIDTS>2.0.ZU;2-V
Abstract
Between January 1997 and December 1999, bloodstream isolates from 15,439 pa tients infected with Staphylococcus aureus and 6350 patients infected with coagulase-negative Staphylococcus species (CoNS) were referred by SENTRY-pa rticipating hospitals in the United States, Canada, Latin America, Europe, and the Western Pacific region. S. aureus was found to be the most prevalen t cause of bloodstream infection, skin and soft-tissue infection, and pneum onia in almost all geographic areas. A notable increase in methicillin (oxa cillin) resistance among community-onset and hospital-acquired S. aureus st rains was observed in the US centers. The prevalence of methicillin (oxacil lin)-resistant S. aureus varied greatly by region, site of infection, and w hether the infection was nosocomial or community onset. Rates of methicilli n resistance were extremely high among S. aureus isolates from centers in H ong Kong and Japan. Uniformly high levels of methicillin resistance were ob served among CoNS isolates. Given the increasing multidrug resistance among staphylococci and the possible emergence of vancomycin-resistant strains, global strategies are needed to control emergence and spread of multiply re sistant staphylococci.