Decolorization of azo dyes with immobilized Pseudomonas luteola

Citation
Js. Chang et al., Decolorization of azo dyes with immobilized Pseudomonas luteola, PROCESS BIO, 36(8-9), 2001, pp. 757-763
Citations number
17
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Biotecnology & Applied Microbiology","Biochemistry & Biophysics
Journal title
PROCESS BIOCHEMISTRY
ISSN journal
1359-5113 → ACNP
Volume
36
Issue
8-9
Year of publication
2001
Pages
757 - 763
Database
ISI
SICI code
1359-5113(200103)36:8-9<757:DOADWI>2.0.ZU;2-#
Abstract
Immobilized Pseudomonas luteola able to reduce azo groups enzymically were used as a biocatalyst for the decolorization of wastewater containing azo d yes. Cells of P. luteola were immobilized by entrapment in natural and synt hetic polymeric matrices. The effects of operational conditions (e.g., temp erature, pH, dye concentration, etc.) on microbial decolorization were inve stigated. The reusability of the immobilized biocatalyst was evaluated with repeated-batch decolorization experiments. Immobilized cells were less sen sitive to agitation rates (dissolved oxygen levels) and pH as compared with suspended cells, while the effects of temperature were similar for both su spended and immobilized cells. Michaelis-Menten kinetics was used to descri be the apparent correlation between the decolorization rate and the dye con centration. After four repeated experiments. the decolorization rate of the free cells decreased by nearly 45%, while CA-, CGN-, and PAA-immobilized c ells retained over 75, 85, and 80% of their original activity, respectively . The time required for 50%, conversion (t(1/2)) remained nearly the same f or CGN- and PAA-immobilized cells during four cycles, indicating the stable decolorization efficiency of these immobilized cells. (C) 2001 Elsevier Sc ience Ltd. All rights reserved.