Photolysis dynamics of cyclopropyl and oxiranyl aryl ketones: Drastic ring-activation effect of oxygen

Citation
H. Kim et al., Photolysis dynamics of cyclopropyl and oxiranyl aryl ketones: Drastic ring-activation effect of oxygen, J PHYS CH A, 105(14), 2001, pp. 3555-3563
Citations number
48
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Physical Chemistry/Chemical Physics
Journal title
JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY A
ISSN journal
1089-5639 → ACNP
Volume
105
Issue
14
Year of publication
2001
Pages
3555 - 3563
Database
ISI
SICI code
1089-5639(20010412)105:14<3555:PDOCAO>2.0.ZU;2-Y
Abstract
Although 1-(o-tolyl)1 -benzoylcyclopropane (I) acid 2-(o-tolyl)-2-benzoylox irane (II) are structurally analogous, they go through dramatically differe nt reaction pathways upon absorption of photons. I yields a single photopro duct, while H-2(2)-substituted II gives birth to three different photoprodu cts. The structural and kinetic features of the entire reaction intermediat es have been measured with laser flash techniques, I at T-1 undergoes intra molecular hydrogen transfer at 2.3 x 10(8) s(-1) from the methyl group to t he carbonyl group to form a biradical intermediate, which transforms into a cyclized photoproduct (Phi, 0.14; 5 x 10(7) s(-1)). However, the carbonyl group of II at T1 can abstract a hydrogen atom from the oxiranyl ring (6 x 10(7) s(-1)) as well as from the methyl group (2.3 x 108 s(-1)). The biradi cal intermediate from the former process immediately rearranges into a phot oproduct (Q, 0.025), while the one from the latter transforms into a new ox iranyl ring-opened intermediate (1.1 x 10(8) s(-1)) or a cyclized photoprod uct (Phi 0.075; 3.3 x 10(8) s(-1)). The new intermediate rearranges into an other photoproduct (Phi 0.025; 3.7 x 10(7) s(-1)). The dramatic changes of II are theoretically attributed to the drastic increase in the acidity and instability of the three-membered ring with oxygen substitution.