Drosophila stoned proteins regulate the rate and fidelity of synaptic vesicle internalization

Citation
Dt. Stimson et al., Drosophila stoned proteins regulate the rate and fidelity of synaptic vesicle internalization, J NEUROSC, 21(9), 2001, pp. 3034-3044
Citations number
52
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Neurosciences & Behavoir
Journal title
JOURNAL OF NEUROSCIENCE
ISSN journal
0270-6474 → ACNP
Volume
21
Issue
9
Year of publication
2001
Pages
3034 - 3044
Database
ISI
SICI code
0270-6474(20010501)21:9<3034:DSPRTR>2.0.ZU;2-U
Abstract
At an initial step during synaptic vesicle recycling, dynamin and adaptor p roteins mediate the endocytosis of synaptic vesicle components from the pla sma membrane. StonedA and stonedB, novel synaptic proteins encoded by a sin gle Drosophila gene, have predicted structural similarities to adaptors and other proteins implicated in endocytosis. Here, we test possible roles of the stoned proteins in synaptic vesicle internalization via analyses of thi rd instar larval neuromuscular synapses in two Drosophila stoned (stn) muta nts, stn(ts) and stn(8P1). Both mutations reduce presynaptic levels of ston edA and stonedB, although stn ts has relatively weak effects. The mutations cause retention of synaptic vesicle proteins on the presynaptic plasma mem brane but do not alter the levels or distribution of endocytosis proteins, dynamin, alpha -adaptin, and clathrin. In addition, stn(8P1) mutants exhibi t depletion and enlargement of synaptic vesicles. To determine whether thes e defects arise from altered synaptic vesicle endocytosis or from defects i n synaptic vesicle biogenesis, we implemented new methods to assess directl y the efficiency of synaptic vesicle recycling and membrane internalization at Drosophila nerve terminals. Behavioral and electrophysiological analyse s indicate that stn(ts), an allele with normal evoked release and synaptic vesicle number, enhances defects in synaptic vesicle recycling shown by Dro sophila shi(ts) mutants. A dye uptake assay demonstrates that slow synaptic vesicle recycling in stn(ts) is accompanied by a reduced rate of synaptic vesicle internalization after exocytosis. These observations are consistent with a model in which stonedA and stonedB act to facilitate the internaliz ation of synaptic vesicle components from the plasma membrane.