Spa contributes to the virulence of type 18 group A streptococci

Citation
Dgj. Mclellan et al., Spa contributes to the virulence of type 18 group A streptococci, INFEC IMMUN, 69(5), 2001, pp. 2943-2949
Citations number
25
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Immunology
Journal title
INFECTION AND IMMUNITY
ISSN journal
0019-9567 → ACNP
Volume
69
Issue
5
Year of publication
2001
Pages
2943 - 2949
Database
ISI
SICI code
0019-9567(200105)69:5<2943:SCTTVO>2.0.ZU;2-Y
Abstract
Streptococcal protective antigen (Spa) is a newly described surface protein of group A streptococci that was recently shown to evoke protective antibo dies (J. B. Dale, E. Y. Chiang, S. Liu, H. S. Courtney, and D. L. Hasty, J. Clin. Investig. 103:1261-1268, 1999). In this study, we have determined th e complete sequence of the spa gene from type 18 streptococci, purified, re combinant Spa protein evoked antibodies that were bactericidal against type 18 streptococci, confirming the presence of protective epitopes, Sera from patients with acute rheumatic fever contained antibodies against recombina nt Spa, indicating that the Spa protein is expressed in vivo and is immunog enic in humans. To determine the role of Spa in the virulence of group A st reptococci, we created a series of insertional mutants that were (i) Spa ne gative and M18 positive, (ii) Spa positive and M18 negative, and (iii! Spa negative and M18 negative. The mutants and the parent M18 strain (18-282) w ere used in assays to determine resistance to phagocytosis, growth in human blood, and mouse virulence. The results show that Spa is a virulence deter minant of group A streptococci and that expression of both Spa and M18 is r equired far optimal virulence of type 18 streptococci.