A mediational model for the impact of exposure to community violence on early child behavior problems

Citation
Lo. Linares et al., A mediational model for the impact of exposure to community violence on early child behavior problems, CHILD DEV, 72(2), 2001, pp. 639-652
Citations number
51
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Psycology
Journal title
CHILD DEVELOPMENT
ISSN journal
0009-3920 → ACNP
Volume
72
Issue
2
Year of publication
2001
Pages
639 - 652
Database
ISI
SICI code
0009-3920(200103/04)72:2<639:AMMFTI>2.0.ZU;2-Q
Abstract
This study examined how maternal distress mediates the link between exposur e to community violence (CV) and the development of early child behavior pr oblems. Research was conducted among 160 children, 3,0 to 5,11 in age, who resided in high-crime neighborhoods. Using structural equation modeling, la tent variables were constructed to identify model components: maternal soci oeconomic status (SES) and public assistance status, exposure to CV (matern al perceptions of local violence, social disorder, and fear of crime; and f requency of child cowitnessing violent events), family aggression (partner aggression toward mother and partner aggression toward child), maternal dis tress (global distress and posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms), and ear ly child behavior problems (internalizing and externalizing). Bivariate cor relations indicated that CV, maternal distress, and early child behavior pr oblems were significantly intercorrelated. A series of structural equation models was specified to estimate the direct and indirect effect of CV on ea rly child behavior problems. A direct model indicated a significant path fr om CV to early child behavior problems, after controlling for maternal SES and family aggression. The direct CV-early child behavior problems path dim inished, however, when maternal distress was included in the model, after c ontrolling for maternal SES and family aggression. Results are consistent w ith a mediation model of the impact of maternal distress symptoms on the li nk between CV and early child behavior problems.