Characterization of the D-xylulose 5-phosphate/D-Fructose 6-phosphate phosphoketolase gene (xfp) from Bifidobacterium lactis

Citation
L. Meile et al., Characterization of the D-xylulose 5-phosphate/D-Fructose 6-phosphate phosphoketolase gene (xfp) from Bifidobacterium lactis, J BACT, 183(9), 2001, pp. 2929-2936
Citations number
34
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Microbiology
Journal title
JOURNAL OF BACTERIOLOGY
ISSN journal
0021-9193 → ACNP
Volume
183
Issue
9
Year of publication
2001
Pages
2929 - 2936
Database
ISI
SICI code
0021-9193(200105)183:9<2929:COTD56>2.0.ZU;2-M
Abstract
A D-xylulose 5-phosphate/D-fructose 6-phosphate phosphoketolase (Xfp) from the probiotic Bifidobacterium lactis was purified to homogeneity, The speci fic activity of the purified enzyme with D-fructose 6-phosphate as a substr ate is 4.28 Units per mg of enzyme. K-m values for D-xylulose 5-phosphate a nd D-fructose 6-phosphate are 45 and 10 mM, respectively. The native enzyme has a molecular mass of 550,000 Da, The subunit size upon sodium dodecyl s ulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (90,000 Da) corresponds with the size (92,529 Da) calculated from the amino acid sequence of the isolated ge ne (named xfp) encoding 825 amino acids. The xfp gene was identified on the chromosome of B, lactis with the help of degenerated nucleotide probes ded uced from the common N-terminal amino acid sequence of both the native and denatured enzyme, Comparison of the deduced amino acid sequence of the clon ed gene with sequences in public databases revealed high homologies with hy pothetical proteins (26 to 55% identity) in 20 microbial genomes, The amino acid sequence derived from the xfp gene contains typical thiamine diphosph ate (ThDP) binding sites reported for other ThDP-dependent enzymes, Two tru ncated putative genes,pta and guaA, were localized adjacent to xfp on the B , lactis chromosome coding for a phosphotransacetylase and a guanosine mono phosphate synthetase homologous to products of genes in Mycobacterium tuber culosis. However, xfp is transcribed in B, lactis as a monocistronic operon . It is the first reported and sequenced gene of a phosphoketolase.