Nitrofurantoin quadruple therapy for Helicobacter pylori infection: effectof metronidazole resistance

Citation
Dy. Graham et al., Nitrofurantoin quadruple therapy for Helicobacter pylori infection: effectof metronidazole resistance, ALIM PHARM, 15(4), 2001, pp. 513-518
Citations number
27
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Pharmacology,"da verificare
Journal title
ALIMENTARY PHARMACOLOGY & THERAPEUTICS
ISSN journal
0269-2813 → ACNP
Volume
15
Issue
4
Year of publication
2001
Pages
513 - 518
Database
ISI
SICI code
0269-2813(200104)15:4<513:NQTFHP>2.0.ZU;2-W
Abstract
Background: Antibiotic resistance has increasingly been recognized as the m ajor cause of treatment failure for Helicobacter pylori infection. New ther apies for patients with metronidazole- or clarithromycin-resistant H. pylor i are needed. Aim: To investigate the role of nitrofurantoin quadruple therapy for the tr eatment of H. pylori. Methods: Patients with confirmed H. pylori infection received nitrofurantoi n (100 mg t.d.s.), omeprazole (20 mg b.d.), Pepto-Bismol (two tablets t.d.s .), and tetracycline (500 mg t.d.s.) for 14 days. Four or more weeks after the end of therapy, outcome was assessed by repeat endoscopy with histology and culture or urea breath testing. Results: Thirty patients were entered, including 25 men and five women; the mean age was 54.9 years. The most common diagnoses were duodenal ulcer (23 %) and GERD (18%). The intention-to-treat cure rate was 70% (95%, CI: 50.6- 85%). Nitrofurantoin quadruple therapy was more effective with metronidazol e-sensitive strains (88%: 15 out of 17%) than with metronidazole-resistant strains (33%: three out of nine; P = 0.008). Two of the treatment failures had pre-treatment isolates susceptible to metronidazole, which were resista nt after therapy. Conclusions: Because nitrofurantoin quadruple therapy performed inadequatel y in the presence of metronidazole resistance, we conclude that nitrofurant oin is unlikely to find clinical utility for the eradication of H. pylori.