Background: Antibiotic resistance has increasingly been recognized as the m
ajor cause of treatment failure for Helicobacter pylori infection. New ther
apies for patients with metronidazole- or clarithromycin-resistant H. pylor
i are needed.
Aim: To investigate the role of nitrofurantoin quadruple therapy for the tr
eatment of H. pylori.
Methods: Patients with confirmed H. pylori infection received nitrofurantoi
n (100 mg t.d.s.), omeprazole (20 mg b.d.), Pepto-Bismol (two tablets t.d.s
.), and tetracycline (500 mg t.d.s.) for 14 days. Four or more weeks after
the end of therapy, outcome was assessed by repeat endoscopy with histology
and culture or urea breath testing.
Results: Thirty patients were entered, including 25 men and five women; the
mean age was 54.9 years. The most common diagnoses were duodenal ulcer (23
%) and GERD (18%). The intention-to-treat cure rate was 70% (95%, CI: 50.6-
85%). Nitrofurantoin quadruple therapy was more effective with metronidazol
e-sensitive strains (88%: 15 out of 17%) than with metronidazole-resistant
strains (33%: three out of nine; P = 0.008). Two of the treatment failures
had pre-treatment isolates susceptible to metronidazole, which were resista
nt after therapy.
Conclusions: Because nitrofurantoin quadruple therapy performed inadequatel
y in the presence of metronidazole resistance, we conclude that nitrofurant
oin is unlikely to find clinical utility for the eradication of H. pylori.