Prevalence of HIV and hepatitis B and self-reported injection risk behavior during detention among street-recruited injection drug users in Los Angeles County, 1994-1996

Citation
J. Lopez-zetina et al., Prevalence of HIV and hepatitis B and self-reported injection risk behavior during detention among street-recruited injection drug users in Los Angeles County, 1994-1996, ADDICTION, 96(4), 2001, pp. 589-595
Citations number
31
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Editorial Material
Categorie Soggetti
Public Health & Health Care Science","Clinical Psycology & Psychiatry
Journal title
ADDICTION
ISSN journal
0965-2140 → ACNP
Volume
96
Issue
4
Year of publication
2001
Pages
589 - 595
Database
ISI
SICI code
0965-2140(200104)96:4<589:POHAHB>2.0.ZU;2-8
Abstract
Aims. To describe injection risk behaviors while in detention in a sample o f injection drug users (IDUs) in Los Angeles County. Design and setting. Cr oss-sectional, interviewer-administered, face-to-face risk survey, and sero logical screening for HIV and hepatitis B conducted at four street location s in Los Angeles County between 1994 and 1996. All interviews were conducte d in a non-institutionalized setting. Measurements. Ascertainment of self-r eported risk behavior during detention and screening for HIV and hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) and antibody to the core (HBcAb) seromarkers. Par ticipants. Six hundred and forty-two participants were street-recruited dur ing the study period. Seventy-one per cent of the sample was male, the medi an age was 43 years, 61% were African-American, 27% were Latino, 8% were wh ite and 36% considered themselves homeless. Findings. Overall HIV prevalenc e was 3.0%; 3.1% tested positive for the hepatitis B surface antigen marker (HBsAg), and 80.3% for antibody to hepatitis B core antigen (HBcAb). After adjustment for length of injection drug use and recency of release from de tention, HIV seroreactivity was significantly associated with history of de tention due to possession of IDU paraphernalia (OR=1.9). The presence of th e hepatitis B HBcAb seromarker was associated with injection drug use while in detention, (OR = 1.7), and having been ever arrested for possession of IDU paraphernalia (OR = 1.8). Conclusions. IDU detainees constitute a high risk group for blood-borne infections. Comprehensive prevention and health promotion efforts in the community need to include correctional facilities.