Infrequent frameshift mutations in the simple repeat sequences of hMLH3 inhereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancers

Citation
Y. Akiyama et al., Infrequent frameshift mutations in the simple repeat sequences of hMLH3 inhereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancers, JPN J CLIN, 31(2), 2001, pp. 61-64
Citations number
16
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Oncology
Journal title
JAPANESE JOURNAL OF CLINICAL ONCOLOGY
ISSN journal
0368-2811 → ACNP
Volume
31
Issue
2
Year of publication
2001
Pages
61 - 64
Database
ISI
SICI code
0368-2811(200102)31:2<61:IFMITS>2.0.ZU;2-8
Abstract
Background: A recently identified mismatch repair gene, hMLH3, contains two simple repeat sequence regions, (A)9 and (A)8, in its coding region. To cl arify the role of hMLH3 in hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC ), we searched for hMLH3 somatic and germline mutations, particularly in th e repeat regions, in 41 HNPCC patient cells. Methods: We analyzed the hMLH3 (A)9 and (A)8 repeats in 27 colorectal cance rs with microsatellite instability (MSI) as well as in normal cells from 41 HNPCC patients by means of polymerase chain reaction-single-strand conform ation polymorphism. hMSH3 (A)8 and hMSH6 (C)8 repeats were also examined in these cancers. Results: Frameshift mutations in the hMLH3 (A)9 repeat were observed in 4/2 7 (14.8%) cancers with MSI, all of which showed the severe MSI phenotype. N o mutations in the (A)8 repeat were found in any case. The mutation frequen cy of the hMLH3 (A)9 repeat was similar to that of the hMSH6 (C)8 repeat (5 /26, 19.2%), but was significantly lower than that of the hMSH3 (A)8 repeat (16/27, 59.3%) (P < 0.001). All four cancers with hMLH3 mutations exhibite d germline hMSH2 and/or somatic hMSH3 mutations. No germline mutation in th e hMLH3 (A)9 or (A)8 repeat was detected in normal cells from the 41 HNPCC patients. Conclusion: hMLH3 mutations were infrequently observed in HNPCC cancers wit h MSI and they may be secondary to other mismatch repair gene mutations. He nce hMLH3 may only play a small role in HNPCC tumorigenesis.