Sympathetic efferent pathways projecting to the vagina in the dog

Citation
Sm. Liu et al., Sympathetic efferent pathways projecting to the vagina in the dog, AUTON NEURO, 88(1-2), 2001, pp. 45-51
Citations number
18
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Neurosciences & Behavoir
Journal title
AUTONOMIC NEUROSCIENCE-BASIC & CLINICAL
ISSN journal
1566-0702 → ACNP
Volume
88
Issue
1-2
Year of publication
2001
Pages
45 - 51
Database
ISI
SICI code
1566-0702(20010412)88:1-2<45:SEPPTT>2.0.ZU;2-F
Abstract
The level of the thoracolumbar sympathetic outflow projecting to the vagina and the laterality of the signals passing through the splanchnic nerves to the vagina have not been well understood, This study was undertaken to exp lore the sympathetic innervation of the canine vagina by measuring intralum inal pressure of the vagina and contraction of the vaginal wall by electric al stimulation of each of the thoracolumbar splanchnic nerves with or witho ut transection of unilateral hypogastric nerve (HGN). The 2nd-4th lumbar sp lanchnic nerve (LSN) stimulation elicited elevation of intraluminal pressur e of the vagina and contraction of the vaginal wall. In contrast, intermese nteric plexus stimulations caused no response in both the vaginal pressure and the wall itself. On the right side, 12 of 27 LSNs that were stimulated elicited elevation of vaginal pressure and 16 of 32 LSN stimulations caused contraction of the wall, 10 increases in tension and 6 reductions. On the left side, 14 of 26 LSN stimulations elicited elevation of vaginal pressure and 12 of 27 LSN stimulations caused contraction of the wall, 5 increases in tension and 7 reductions. After transection of the right HGN, 6 of 14 ri ght LSN stimulations elicited elevation of vaginal pressure and 10 of 15 ri ght LSN stimulations caused contraction of the wall, 9 increases in tension and 1 reduction. After transection of the left HGN, 13 of 19 left LSN stim ulations elicited elevation of vaginal pressure and 10 of 18 left LSN stimu lations caused contraction of the wall, 4 increases in tension and 6 reduct ions. The results indicate that each of the L2-L4 LSNs on either side sends signals to the canine vagina via multiple routes with a crossing site at t he level of the caudal mesenteric plexus (CMP). (C) 2001 Elsevier Science B .V. All rights reserved.