Venous thromboembolism in young patients from Western India: A study

K. Ghosh et al., Venous thromboembolism in young patients from Western India: A study, CL APPL T-H, 7(2), 2001, pp. 158-165
Citations number
Categorie Soggetti
Journal title
ISSN journal
1076-0296 → ACNP
Year of publication
158 - 165
SICI code
The goal of this article is to study the association of known markers of th rombophilia with venous thrombosis in young patients (< 45 years) from the Western part of India. A prospective study of 432 patients (252 males and 1 80 females, age 1-45 years) was conducted between 1994 and 2000 (6 years). The diagnosis was confirmed in all the patients by ultrasound with Doppler or by a computed tomograph (CT) scan of the brain with or without contrast depending on the case. Detailed clinical examination, and family history wa s taken to establish recurrent thrombosis and familial occurrence of thromb osis. The markers studied were protein C, protein S, antithrombin (AT) III, factor V Leiden mutation, prothrombin gene G20210A polymorphism, and the t hermolabile MTHFR variant C677T polymorphism, using appropriate techniques. Lupus inhibitor was tested in the first 72 patients using Dilute Russel Vi per Venom Time (DRVVT) test, and anticardiolipin antibodies were tested by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Protein C, protein S, and AT III deficie ncy was detected in 9.5%, 6.5%, and 2.6%, respectively, among the patients. Anticardiolipin antibody was present in 9.9% of the patients, whereas lupu s anticoagulant was present in 8.3% of patients; factor V Leiden mutation w as detected in 3% of patients; thermolabile variant of MTHFR C677T polymorp hism was present in 14.9% of patients with 1.2% homozygotes. Prothrombin G2 0210A polymorphism was not detected in any sample in this population. One h undred and four patients of 432 (24.9%) had recurrent attacks of thrombosis without any proximate precipitating cause, whereas 7.5% of the patients ha d another close member of the family with a history of deep venous thrombos is. Eighty-six members from 28 families (out of 32 families giving family h istory of thrombosis) were investigated and found to have protein C and pro tein S deficiency in seven each; factor V Leiden was present in 6, and MTHF R C677T polymorphism was present in 5 cases. Hence, 25 of 86 members (28%) from the family of patients with familial history deep venous thrombosis ha d positive markers for thrombophilia. Thus, we could show that in young pat ients presenting with thrombosis, at least 34% of them had a demonstrable c ause for thrombophilia. Prothrombin gene polymorphism G20210A seems to be n onexistent in our population and AT III deficiency also appears to be low c ompared to other markers of thrombophilia. There is a high prevalence of va riant MTHFR C677T in our series, but the incidence of MTHFR C677T in our ge neral population is also high. Hence, the significance of this finding in o ur cases of deep venous thrombosis remains to be seen, but we did not see a ny homozygotes when we tested 70 randomly selected asymptomatic persons, wh ereas in the present series, 1.8% of the patients had homozygosity for the MTHFR C677T polymorphism.