Premedication modifies the quality of sedation with propofol during regional anesthesia

Citation
M. Nakagawa et al., Premedication modifies the quality of sedation with propofol during regional anesthesia, CAN J ANAES, 48(3), 2001, pp. 284-287
Citations number
17
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Aneshtesia & Intensive Care","Medical Research Diagnosis & Treatment
Journal title
CANADIAN JOURNAL OF ANAESTHESIA-JOURNAL CANADIEN D ANESTHESIE
ISSN journal
0832-610X → ACNP
Volume
48
Issue
3
Year of publication
2001
Pages
284 - 287
Database
ISI
SICI code
0832-610X(200103)48:3<284:PMTQOS>2.0.ZU;2-E
Abstract
Purpose: To determine the effects of diazepam or clonidine on the quality o f sedation with propofol during regional anesthesia. Methods: In a prospective randomised, controlled, double-blinded study, 60 patients undergoing elective gynecological surgery were studied. They were given premedication with 0.15-mg clonidine (Group-CL, n = 20), 5mg diazepam (Group-DZ, n=20), or placebo (Group-P, n=20) eo. After spinal anesthesia w as established, sedation was provided with propofol and controlled using a five-point sedation score at 3, "eyes closed but rousable to command", and 4, "eyes closed but reusable to mild physical stimulation". During sedation , blinded anesthesiologist recorded occurrence of complications. At two hou rs after end of sedation, patients were asked if they had intraoperative dr eam and memory. Results: The loading dose, steady-state infusion rate, and overall mean inf usion rate in Group-CL were 0.80 mg . kg(-1), 2.35 mg . kg(-1) and 2.89 mg . kg(-1). hr(-1), compared with 0.97 mg . kg(-1), 3.13 mg . kg(-1). hr(-1) and 3.59 mg . kg(-1). hr(-1) in Group-DZ, and 1.38 mg . kg(-1), 4.10 mg . k g(-1). hr(-1) and 4.36 mg . kg(-1). hr(-1) in Group-FI respectively. Indice s of both Group-CL (P <0.001) and Group-DZ (P <0.05) were smaller than thos e of Group-P. Moreover, clonidine reduced the incidence of uncontrolled mov ement (P <0.01), while diazepam reduced the incidence of intraoperative mem ory and increased the incidence of dream (P <0.05). Premedication did not a ffect the incidence of other complications. Conclusion: Both premedicants reduced propofol requirements and exerted ben eficial effects on the incidence of some complications during sedation with propofol as an adjunct to regional anesthesia.