Mutation analysis of phenylketonuria in Yamagata prefecture, Japan

Citation
T. Kimura et al., Mutation analysis of phenylketonuria in Yamagata prefecture, Japan, PEDIATR INT, 43(1), 2001, pp. 1-3
Citations number
17
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Pediatrics
Journal title
PEDIATRICS INTERNATIONAL
ISSN journal
1328-8067 → ACNP
Volume
43
Issue
1
Year of publication
2001
Pages
1 - 3
Database
ISI
SICI code
1328-8067(200102)43:1<1:MAOPIY>2.0.ZU;2-E
Abstract
Background: We have screened 309 914 newborns in Yamagata prefecture, Japan , since 1977 and have detected four patients with phenylketonuria (PKU). We analyzed the phenylalanine hydroxylase (PAH) gene of the four patients to study the genetic background in this area and the genotype-phenotype relati onship in these patients. Methods: Mutations of the PAH gene were screened by denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis analysis and the sequences were determined. Results: Three cases were compound heterozygotes of six different mutations of the PAH gene and the remaining case was a homozygote. Of the six detect ed mutations, K115fs is novel, whereas the others have been previously dete cted among Chinese and/or Japanese patients. Conclusions: The incidence and genetic basis in Yamagata prefecture was sim ilar to that of other parts of Japan. Analysis of the genotype is useful to understand the clinical variation in some families.