An assessment of HOx chemistry in the tropical Pacific boundary layer: Comparison of model simulations with observations recorded during PEM tropics A

Citation
G. Chen et al., An assessment of HOx chemistry in the tropical Pacific boundary layer: Comparison of model simulations with observations recorded during PEM tropics A, J ATMOS CH, 38(3), 2001, pp. 317-344
Citations number
50
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Environment/Ecology,"Earth Sciences
Journal title
JOURNAL OF ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY
ISSN journal
0167-7764 → ACNP
Volume
38
Issue
3
Year of publication
2001
Pages
317 - 344
Database
ISI
SICI code
0167-7764(200103)38:3<317:AAOHCI>2.0.ZU;2-G
Abstract
Reported are the results from a comparison of OH, H2O2CH3OOH, and O-3 obser vations with model predictions based on current HOx-CH4 reaction mechanisms . The field observations are those recorded during the NASA GTE field progr am, PEM-Tropics A. The major focus of this paper is on those data generated on the NASA P-3B aircraft during a mission flown in the marine boundary la yer (MBL) near Christmas Island, a site located in the central equatorial P acific (i.e., 2 degrees N, 157 degrees W). Taking advantage of the stabilit y of the southeastern trade-winds, an air parcel was sampled in a Lagrangia n mode over a significant fraction of a solar day. Analyses of these data r evealed excellent agreement between model simulated and observed OH. In add ition, the model simulations reproduced the major features in the observed diurnal profiles of H2O2 and CH3OOH. In the case of O-3, the model captured the key observational feature which involved an early morning maximum. An examination of the MBL HOx budget indicated that the O(D-1) + H2O reaction is the major source of HOx while the major sinks involve both physical and chemical processes involving the peroxide species, H2O2 and CH3OOH. Overall , the generally good agreement between model and observations suggests that our current understanding of HOx-CH4 chemistry in the tropical MBL is quit e good; however, there remains a need to critically examine this chemistry when both CH2O and HO2 are added to the species measured.