Muscimol infusions in the brain stem reticular formation reversibly block ingestion in the awake rat

Citation
Zx. Chen et al., Muscimol infusions in the brain stem reticular formation reversibly block ingestion in the awake rat, AM J P-REG, 280(4), 2001, pp. R1085-R1094
Citations number
51
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Physiology
Journal title
AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY-REGULATORY INTEGRATIVE AND COMPARATIVE PHYSIOLOGY
ISSN journal
0363-6119 → ACNP
Volume
280
Issue
4
Year of publication
2001
Pages
R1085 - R1094
Database
ISI
SICI code
0363-6119(200104)280:4<R1085:MIITBS>2.0.ZU;2-0
Abstract
Previous studies have localized a central pattern generator for mastication to the midline pontomedullary reticular formation (RF) based on cortically induced ororhythmic movements. The present study determined whether this s ame substrate mediated licking responses evoked by more natural stimuli. Li cking in the awake rat was initiated either through an appetitive response to sucrose presented in a bottle or by intraoral (IO) infusions. Oral rejec tion responses also were obtained by IO infusions of quinine hydrochloride. Small volumes of the GABA(A) agonist muscimol bilaterally infused into the lateral medullary RF significantly reduced licking and oral rejection resp onses measured electromyographically from the anterior digastric and genioh yoid muscles. Other than the decrement or absence of ororhythmic activity, rats appeared normal and actively approached and probed the water bottle. T he suppression was reversible and returned to baseline within 3 h. In contr ast, midline infusions of muscimol did not affect licking or rejection resp onses. We postulate that the lateral medullary RF is an essential final com mon path for ingestive consummatory responses.