Objective: To investigate the correlation between benign gynecologic diseas
es and hormone-dependent malignancies such as endometrial carcinoma in post
Design: We retrospectively analyzed the prevalence of myoma uteri and adeno
myosis uteri in 136 cases of endometrial carcinomas. We used 222 uterine pr
olapse cases as controls.
Results: The results showed that 21.6% and 9.9% of healthy postmenopausal w
omen (control) had myoma uteri and adenomyosis uteri, respectively, after t
he cessation of menses. However, postmenopausal women with endometrial carc
inomas had a 1.5- to 2-fold higher prevalence, respectively, for myoma uter
i and adenomyosis uteri as compared with the postmenopausal control women.
Conclusion: There was a higher prevalence of myoma uteri and adenomyosis ut
eri in postmenopausal patients with endometrial carcinomas than in the cont