Coloring single Stroop elements: Reducing automaticity or slowing color processing?

Authors
Citation
Js. Monahan, Coloring single Stroop elements: Reducing automaticity or slowing color processing?, J GEN PSYCH, 128(1), 2001, pp. 98-112
Citations number
16
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Psycology
Journal title
JOURNAL OF GENERAL PSYCHOLOGY
ISSN journal
0022-1309 → ACNP
Volume
128
Issue
1
Year of publication
2001
Pages
98 - 112
Database
ISI
SICI code
0022-1309(200101)128:1<98:CSSERA>2.0.ZU;2-#
Abstract
Automaticity theory and the effect of coloring a single element were tested with all or only 1 element colored in Stroop tasks. The 312 participants i n 5 experiments indicated stimulus presentation color by key press. Experim ents 1 and 2 replicated those of D. Besner, J. A. Stoltz, and C. Boutilier (1997) with some changes, and revealed similar results: less Stroop interfe rence with only 1 letter colored. Besner et al. (1997) interpreted the resu lts as indicating that coloring a single letter eliminates automatic readin g processes. The cause of that reduction in Stroop interference was investi gated in Experiments 3, 4, and 5 using color words, bars, and rectangles. T he effect of coloring 1 element was to increase color-naming time by the sa me amount for congruent and neutral, nonverbal stimuli, but not for incongr uent stimuli. The results are interpreted in terms of automaticity theory, and a continuous flow approach to the Stroop effect is presented.