Item-cued directed forgetting of related words and pictures in children and adults: Selective rehearsal versus cognitive inhibition

Citation
Eb. Lehman et al., Item-cued directed forgetting of related words and pictures in children and adults: Selective rehearsal versus cognitive inhibition, J GEN PSYCH, 128(1), 2001, pp. 81-97
Citations number
33
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Psycology
Journal title
JOURNAL OF GENERAL PSYCHOLOGY
ISSN journal
0022-1309 → ACNP
Volume
128
Issue
1
Year of publication
2001
Pages
81 - 97
Database
ISI
SICI code
0022-1309(200101)128:1<81:IDFORW>2.0.ZU;2-2
Abstract
The main purpose of this study was to compare the relative importance of se lective rehearsal and cognitive inhibition in accounting for developmental changes in the directed-forgetting paradigm developed by R. A. Bjork (1972) . In two experiments, children in Grades 2 and 5 and college students were asked to remember some words or pictures and to forget others when items we re categorically related. Their memory for both items and the associated re member or forget cues was then tested with recall and recognition. Fifth gr aders recognized more of the forget-cued words than college students did. T he pattern of results suggested that age differences in rehearsal and sourc e monitoring (i.e., remembering whether a word had been cued remember or fo rget) were better explanatory mechanisms for children's forgetting ineffici encies than retrieval inhibition was. The results are discussed in terms of a multiple process view of inhibition.