The contributions of memory and attention processes to cognitive abilities

Citation
S. Rockstroh et K. Schweizer, The contributions of memory and attention processes to cognitive abilities, J GEN PSYCH, 128(1), 2001, pp. 30-42
Citations number
40
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Psycology
Journal title
JOURNAL OF GENERAL PSYCHOLOGY
ISSN journal
0022-1309 → ACNP
Volume
128
Issue
1
Year of publication
2001
Pages
30 - 42
Database
ISI
SICI code
0022-1309(200101)128:1<30:TCOMAA>2.0.ZU;2-G
Abstract
In two experiments, the contributions of memory and attention processes to the cognitive abilities of reasoning and perceptual speed were investigated . Two measures of speed of information retrieval from long-term and short-t erm memory (Posner paradigm, Sternberg paradigm) and two attention measures (continuous attention test, attention switching test) were included in the first experiment (N = 220). The memory tests led to correlations with the measures of cognitive abilities, whereas the attention test did not. The sa me tests as well as one additional memory test and one attention test (work ing memory test, test of covert orientation) were administered in the secon d experiment (N = 116). Again, the memory tests led to the larger correlati ons with the measures of cognitive abilities. Two components were obtained in components analysis, of which the first was characterized by high loadin gs of the memory tests and the second by high loadings of the attention tes ts. Only the memory component contributed to the prediction of cognitive ab ilities.