OBJECTIVE - To assess the impacts of insulin resistance and renal function
on plasma total homocysteine (tHey) levels in patients with type 2 diabetes
with a wide range of nephropathy.
RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS - Plasma tHey levels were measures using the en
zyme immunoassay method in 75 patients with type 2 diabetes and compared wi
th those in 54 healthy control subjects. Insulin sensitivity indexes were a
ssessed in patients with type 2 diabetes by hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic cla
mp using artificial pancreas.
RESULTS - Plasma tHey levels and their log-transformed values (log tHey) we
re significantly higher in all patients with diabetes than in control subje
cts (tHey, 12.0 +/- 0.7 [SE] vs. 8.7 +/- 0.3 mu mol/l, P < 0.0001; log tHey
, 1.040 +/- 0.021 vs. 0.920 +/- 0.016 <mu>mol/l, P < 0.0001). Plasma tHey l
evels in patients with diabetes were significantly increased according to d
egree of nephropathy (P < 0.0001). On simple regression analyses, log tHey
correlated with insulin sensitivity. indexes (r = -0.319, P = 0.005) as wel
l as creatinine clearance (r = 0.634. P < 0.0001) in all patients with diab
etes. Multiple regression analyses showed that insulin sensitivity indexes
(<beta> = -0.245) as well as creatinine clearance were independent contribu
tors to log tHey in all patients with diabetes (R-2 = 0.750, P < 0.0001). F
or the 59 patients with diabetes with creatinine clearance >60 ml/min, insu
lin sensitivity indexes were also shown to be a significant contributor to
log tHey (P = -0.438, R-2 = 0.561, P < 0.001).
CONCLUSION - Insulin resistance and renal function are independent determin
ants of tHey levels in patients with type 2 diabetes.