Genetic analysis of organoleptic quality in fresh market tomato. 2. Mapping QTLs for sensory attributes

Citation
M. Causse et al., Genetic analysis of organoleptic quality in fresh market tomato. 2. Mapping QTLs for sensory attributes, THEOR A GEN, 102(2-3), 2001, pp. 273-283
Citations number
49
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Plant Sciences","Animal & Plant Sciences
Journal title
THEORETICAL AND APPLIED GENETICS
ISSN journal
0040-5752 → ACNP
Volume
102
Issue
2-3
Year of publication
2001
Pages
273 - 283
Database
ISI
SICI code
0040-5752(200102)102:2-3<273:GAOOQI>2.0.ZU;2-F
Abstract
The organoleptic quality of fresh market tomato can be described by a set o f attributes, including fruit appearance, taste, aroma and texture. Sensory analysis is the most-valid method to study organoleptic characteristics, p articularly aroma and texture. A range of 144 recombinant inbred lines of t omato derived from a cross between a cherry tomato line and a large-fruited line was evaluated by descriptive sensory profiling. Taste was analyzed th rough sweetness and sourness, and aroma was analyzed through the overall ar oma intensity, together with candy, lemon, citrus-fruit and pharmaceutical aroma. Texture was characterized by firmness, meltiness, mealiness, juicine ss and difficulty to swallow the skin. A wide range of overall variation wa s shown for all the attributes and significant differences among genotypes were detected. The overall aroma intensity was positively correlated with s weetness and sourness, as well as with lemon, candy and citrus fruit aromas . It was negatively correlated with mealiness. Sweetness and sourness were negatively correlated together. Molecular markers were used to map quantita tive trait loci (QTLs) for each sensory attribute. One to five QTLs were de tected, by simple and composite interval mapping, per attribute. The percen tage of phenotypic variation explained ranged from 9% to 45% per QTL. Clust ers of QTLs were observed on chromosomes 2 and 9, involving QTLs for aroma, taste and texture attributes. Most of the favorable alleles came from the cherry tomato parent, showing the potential usefulness of this line for tom ato organoleptic quality improvement.