Nitrogen profile effects on the growth rate of gate oxides grown on nitrogen-implanted silicon

Citation
Ih. Nam et al., Nitrogen profile effects on the growth rate of gate oxides grown on nitrogen-implanted silicon, J VAC SCI B, 19(1), 2001, pp. 299-304
Citations number
14
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Apllied Physucs/Condensed Matter/Materiales Science","Material Science & Engineering
Journal title
JOURNAL OF VACUUM SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY B
ISSN journal
1071-1023 → ACNP
Volume
19
Issue
1
Year of publication
2001
Pages
299 - 304
Database
ISI
SICI code
1071-1023(200101/02)19:1<299:NPEOTG>2.0.ZU;2-1
Abstract
Nitrogen implantation effect on SiO2/Si interface roughness is analyzed and a new method for growing ultrathin gate oxide is proposed. Interface rough ness is improved by nitrogen implantation; the root-mean-square values meas ured by atomic force microscopy are 2.72-2.79 Angstrom, 1.7-2.12 Angstrom, and 2.12-2.33 Angstrom for 0, 1.0 x 10(14)/cm(2), and 2.0 x 10(14)/cm2 nitr ogen implantation, respectively. Initial O-2 injection method is composed o f O-2 injection/N-2 anneal/main oxidation, and the control process is compo sed of N-2 anneal/main oxidation. The purpose of O-2 injection is to form a n extremely thin oxide layer that provides a Si/SiO2 interface at which nit rogen is accumulated during N2 annealing process. Time of flight secondary ion mass spectroscopy data show that the initial O-2 injection method has a higher peak than that of the control process. The oxidation reduction rate s of the control process were: 0.6% (15.4 Angstrom /15.5 Angstrom), 18.2%(2 6.9 Angstrom /32.9 Angstrom), and 16.4% (34.1 Angstrom /37.4 Angstrom) for the wafers of 1, 10, and 20 min oxidation time, respectively. And the rates of the initial O-2 injection method were 7.6% (19.4 Angstrom /21 Angstrom) , 25% (23.1 Angstrom /30.8 Angstrom ), and 29.5% (28.4 Angstrom /40.3 Angst rom). It is clear evidence that the nitrogen profile can affect oxidation r etardation effect as well as the nitrogen dosage. Metal-oxide-semiconductor capacitors with gate oxide thickness of 2 nm have been fabricated. Boron p enetration prevention ability is intensified by the initial O-2 injection p rocess for the same dose of nitrogen implantation. The oxide reliability wa s investigated using time-zero dielectric breakdown (TZDB) measurement. The initial O-2 injection method shows improved TZDB. (C) 2001 American Vacuum Society.