Altered self-reactive antibody repertoires are a general feature of patients with myelodysplastic syndrome

Citation
D. Stahl et al., Altered self-reactive antibody repertoires are a general feature of patients with myelodysplastic syndrome, J AUTOIMMUN, 16(1), 2001, pp. 77-86
Citations number
41
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Immunology
Journal title
JOURNAL OF AUTOIMMUNITY
ISSN journal
0896-8411 → ACNP
Volume
16
Issue
1
Year of publication
2001
Pages
77 - 86
Database
ISI
SICI code
0896-8411(200102)16:1<77:ASARAA>2.0.ZU;2-A
Abstract
Myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) is characterized by an acquired clonal disor der of haematopoietic progenitor cells that results in inhibition of normal haematopoiesis and contributes to the development of haematological malign ancies. Autoimmune syndromes may occur in MDS, but they are not a major cli nical feature of the disease. Ln the present study, we have analysed the gl obal antibody repertoires of IgM and IgG in plasma of 10 patients with MDS toward self- and non-self-antigens by quantitative immunoblotting. Myelodys plastic syndrome patients included in this study did not exhibit autoimmune symptoms nor secondary haematological neoplastic disease. Data were compar ed by means of multiparametric statistical analysis. We demonstrate that th e antibody repertoires of self-reactive IgM and IgG of patients with MDS ex hibit significantly altered patterns of reactivity, as compared to those of healthy individuals. In contrast, reactivity patterns of IgM in plasma of patients and of healthy controls toward non-self-antigens were similar, whe reas reactivity patterns of IgG of patients and healthy subjects toward non -self-antigens were discriminated by multiparametric statistical analysis. These observations indicate that a broad disturbance of self-recognition me chanisms is a general feature of patients with MDS. A failure in the regula tion of self-reactivity may contribute to the pathogenesis of MDS. (C) 2001 Academic Press.