High- and low-LET induced chromosome damage in human lymphocytes: a time-course of aberrations in metaphase and interphase

Citation
K. George et al., High- and low-LET induced chromosome damage in human lymphocytes: a time-course of aberrations in metaphase and interphase, INT J RAD B, 77(2), 2001, pp. 175-183
Citations number
27
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Experimental Biology
Journal title
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF RADIATION BIOLOGY
ISSN journal
0955-3002 → ACNP
Volume
77
Issue
2
Year of publication
2001
Pages
175 - 183
Database
ISI
SICI code
0955-3002(200102)77:2<175:HALICD>2.0.ZU;2-P
Abstract
Purpose: To investigate how cell-cycle delays in human peripheral lymphocyt es affect the expression of complex chromosome damage in metaphase followin g high- and low-LET radiation exposure. Materials and methods: Whole blood was irradiated in vitro with a low and a high dose of 1 GeV u(-1) iron particles, 400 MeV u-1 neon particles or gam ma -rays. Lymphocytes were cultured and metaphase cells were collected at d ifferent time points after 48 84 h in culture. Interphase chromosomes were prematurely condensed using calyculin-A, either 18 or 72 h after exposure t o iron particles or gamma -rays. Cells in first division were analysed usin g a combination of FISH whole-chromosome painting and DAPI/Hoechst 33258 ha rlequin staining. Results: There was a delay in expression of chromosome damage in metaphase that was LET- and dose-dependent. This delay was mostly related to the late emergence of complex-type damage into metaphase. Yields of damage in PCC c ollected 48 h after irradiation with iron particles were similar to values obtained from cells undergoing mitosis after prolonged incubation. Conclusion: The yield of high-LET radiation-induced complex chromosome dama ge could be underestimated when analysing metaphase cells collected at one time point after irradiation. Chemically induced PCC is a more accurate tec hnique since problems with complicated cell-cycle delays are avoided.