Comparing mortality and time until death for medicare HMO and FFS beneficiaries

Citation
Ml. Maciejewski et al., Comparing mortality and time until death for medicare HMO and FFS beneficiaries, HEAL SERV R, 35(6), 2001, pp. 1245-1265
Citations number
21
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Public Health & Health Care Science","Health Care Sciences & Services
Journal title
HEALTH SERVICES RESEARCH
ISSN journal
0017-9124 → ACNP
Volume
35
Issue
6
Year of publication
2001
Pages
1245 - 1265
Database
ISI
SICI code
0017-9124(200102)35:6<1245:CMATUD>2.0.ZU;2-C
Abstract
Objective. To compare adjusted mortality rates of TEFRA-risk HMO enrollees and disenrollees with rates of beneficiaries enrolled in the Medicare fee-f or-service sector (FFS), and to compare the time until death for decedents in these three groups. Data Source. Data are from the 124 counties with the largest TEFRA-risk HMO enrollment using 1993-1994 Medicare Denominator files for beneficiaries en rolled in the FFS and TEFRA-risk HMO sectors. Study Design. A retrospective study that tracks the mortality rates and tim e until death of a random sample of 1,240,120 Medicare beneficiaries in the FFS sector and 1,526,502 enrollees in HMOs between April 1, 1993 and April 1, 1994. A total of 58,201 beneficiaries switched from an HMO to the FFS s ector and were analyzed separately. Principal Findings. HMO enrollees have lower relative odds of mortality tha n a comparable group of FFS beneficiaries. Conversely, HMO disenrollees hav e higher relative odds of mortality than comparable FFS beneficiaries. Amon g decedents in the three groups, HMO enrollees lived longer than FFS benefi ciaries, who in turn lived longer than HMO disenrollees. Conclusions. Medicare TEFRA-risk HMO enrollees appear to be, on average, he althier than beneficiaries enrolled in the FFS sector, who appear to be in turn healthier than HMO disenrollees. These health status differences persi st, even after controlling for beneficiary demographics and county-level va riables that might confound the relationship between mortality and the insu rance sector.