The characteristic feature of the investigations performed was the wide-sca
le and representative selection of samples of graphite masonry from reactor
s and the comprehensive analysis of their radioactive contamination.
An analysis of a large number of samples made it possible to construct a de
tailed picture of the contamination. The role of incidents in the formation
of the contamination of graphite by individual radionuclides was determine
d. The distribution of the radionuclides in the masonry was studied. Correl
ations between the content of different radionuclides were investigated.
Schemes for estimating the store of radionuclides in graphite masonry were
constructed on the basis of the distribution of the radionuclides of differ
ent origin. In the approximate schemes the masonry was represented as a col
lection of cells. The store of a radionuclide was determined by summing its
content in individual cells, which were divided into several categories ac
cording to their degree of contamination.
The estimates of the store of radionuclides in the masonry differed strongl
y from the predicted values. The store of fission products and actinides wa
s approximately ten times smaller than previously assumed; this could subst
antially simplify the disassembly and choice of utilization technology.