Life cycle CO2 analysis of LNG and city gas

Citation
I. Tamura et al., Life cycle CO2 analysis of LNG and city gas, APPL ENERG, 68(3), 2001, pp. 301-319
Citations number
10
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Environmental Engineering & Energy
Journal title
APPLIED ENERGY
ISSN journal
0306-2619 → ACNP
Volume
68
Issue
3
Year of publication
2001
Pages
301 - 319
Database
ISI
SICI code
0306-2619(200103)68:3<301:LCCAOL>2.0.ZU;2-3
Abstract
An analysis was conducted on greenhouse gas emissions from the liquified na tural gas (LNG) chain and life cycle of City Gas 13A [caloric value: 46 MJ/ Nm(3)(11,000 kcal/Nm(3))], which is produced from LNG. The analysis was bas ed on highly reliable data which are qualified in terms of source and repre sentativeness. Actually, the latest data for CO2 and CH4 emissions from the natural gas field and liquefaction plant were obtained from field studies. Moreover, the analysis includes CO2 emissions during the LNG transportatio n from exporting countries to Japan, city gas production and distribution s tage in Japan and the manufacturing of facilities associated with the produ ction of natural gas overseas to final domestic consumption. The reduction effect of CO2 using LNG cryogenic energy was also considered. The evaluatio n showed that the level of greenhouse gas emissions and energy consumptions in the modern natural gas production and liquefaction plants were lower th an those previously reported due to improvements in the production process. The results of the analysis also provide basic data essential for conducti ng life cycle analyses in many fields using natural gas. (C) 2001 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.