Low temperature prevents potentiation of norepinephrine release by phenylephrine

Citation
E. Santha et al., Low temperature prevents potentiation of norepinephrine release by phenylephrine, NEUROCHEM I, 38(3), 2001, pp. 237-242
Citations number
29
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Neurosciences & Behavoir
Journal title
NEUROCHEMISTRY INTERNATIONAL
ISSN journal
0197-0186 → ACNP
Volume
38
Issue
3
Year of publication
2001
Pages
237 - 242
Database
ISI
SICI code
0197-0186(200103)38:3<237:LTPPON>2.0.ZU;2-I
Abstract
The effect of 1-phenylephrine (1-PE), an alpha (1)-receptor agonist, was in vestigated on the release of tritiated norepinephrine ([H-3]NE). Pairs of g uinea pig vasa deferentia were loaded with [H-3]NE, superfused continuously , and stimulated electrically. 1-PE (10, 100 muM) enhanced the basal releas e of tritium in concentration-dependent manner. The stimulation-evoked rele ase of radioactivity was significantly increased by 100 muM 1-PE. Both basa l and stimulation-evoked release by 1-PE were reduced by desipramine (10 CI M), a monoamine uptake inhibitor. The effect of 1-PE on basal release was i ndependent on extracellular Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+](o)) and alpha (1)-ad renoceptor blockade. However, the 1-PE-induced release was temperature depe ndent: at low temperature 1-PE failed to increase either basal or stimulati on-evoked release of NE. Using three different temperatures (7, 12, 17 degr eesC, respectively), it was found that basal release was blocked at all thr ee temperature values but the stimulation-evoked release was inhibited only at the lower values. The effect of 1-PE on the NE release appears to invol ve a desipramine-, and temperature-sensitive process. These results suggest that a non-receptorial and direct carrier-mediated mechanism is involved i n NE releasing effect of 1-PE. (C) 2001 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights re served.