alpha- and gamma-tocotrienols are metabolized to carboxyethyl-hydroxychroman derivatives and excreted in human urine

Citation
Jk. Lodge et al., alpha- and gamma-tocotrienols are metabolized to carboxyethyl-hydroxychroman derivatives and excreted in human urine, LIPIDS, 36(1), 2001, pp. 43-48
Citations number
24
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Agricultural Chemistry","Biochemistry & Biophysics
Journal title
LIPIDS
ISSN journal
0024-4201 → ACNP
Volume
36
Issue
1
Year of publication
2001
Pages
43 - 48
Database
ISI
SICI code
0024-4201(200101)36:1<43:AAGAMT>2.0.ZU;2-K
Abstract
Limited information is available regarding metabolism of vitamin E forms, e specially the tocotrienols. Carboxyethyl-hydroxychromans (alpha- and gamma -CEHC) are human urinary metabolites of alpha- and gamma -tocopherols, resp ectively. To evaluate whether tocotrienols are also metabolized and excrete d as urinary CEHC, urine was monitored following tocotrienol supplementatio n. Complete (24 h) urine collections were obtained for 2 d prior to (baseli ne), the day of, and 2 d after human subjects (n = 6) ingested tocotrienol supplements. The subjects consumed 125 mg gamma -tocotrienyl acetate the fi rst week, then the next week 500 mg; then 125 mg alpha -tocotrienyl acetate was administered the third week, followed by 500 mg, the fourth week. Urin ary alpha- and gamma -CEHC were measured by high-performance liquid chromat ography with electrochemical detection. Urinary gamma -CEHC levels rose abo ut four- to sixfold in response to the two doses of gamma -tocotrienol and then returned to baseline the following day. Significant (P < 0.0001) incre ases in urinary <alpha>-CEHC were observed only following ingestion of 500 mg alpha -tocotrienyl acetate. Typically, 1-2% of alpha -tocotrienyl acetat es or 4-6% of gamma -tocotrienyl acetates were recovered as their respectiv e urinary CEHC metabolites. A gamma -CEHC Excretion time course showed an i ncrease in urinary gamma -CEHC at 6 h and a peak at 9 h following ingestion of 125 mg gamma -tocotrienyl acetate. In summary, tocotrienols, like tocop herols, are metabolized to CEHC; however, the quantities excreted in human urine are small in relation to dose size.