Resistive companion (RC) modeling is an easy-to-use approach for electric c
ircuit simulations. With a RC numerical solver, simulations of complex elec
tric systems can be achieved based on RC models. In this study, the constru
ction of RC battery models is investigated. A general battery model and a n
ickel-metal hydride cell model have been built. Simulations of RC battery m
odels on virtual test bed (VTB) are presented and analyzed. It is shown tha
t RC modeling provides a flexible and powerful way for the simulation of ba
ttery systems. (C) 2001 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.