Reactive pocket epithelium in untreated chronic periodontal disease: possible derivation from developmental remnants of the enamel organ and root sheath

Citation
N. Hunter et al., Reactive pocket epithelium in untreated chronic periodontal disease: possible derivation from developmental remnants of the enamel organ and root sheath, J ORAL PATH, 30(3), 2001, pp. 178-186
Citations number
31
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
da verificare
Journal title
JOURNAL OF ORAL PATHOLOGY & MEDICINE
ISSN journal
0904-2512 → ACNP
Volume
30
Issue
3
Year of publication
2001
Pages
178 - 186
Database
ISI
SICI code
0904-2512(200103)30:3<178:RPEIUC>2.0.ZU;2-E
Abstract
The pathological lining epithelium of destructive periodontitis was studied by analysis of the expression of intermediate filament proteins in biopsie s of untreated advanced periodontitis. The cytokeratin (CK) pair 8/18 chara cteristic of simple epithelia was expressed consistently in a distribution pattern confined to the reactive pocket epithelium. The pattern of CK8/18 e xpression was complex with two broad presentations evident. In two-thirds o f the advanced disease biopsies, the entire pathological lining epithelium was strongly reactive for both CK8 and CK18. In the remainder, the more sup erficial lining epithelium was mixed with foci of reactive and unreactive c ells, with the deeper epithelium uniformly reactive. Only occasional highly localised reactivity for the simple keratins (CK8/18) was found in the lin ing epithelia of biopsies from minimally inflamed periodontal tissues. The pathological lining epithelium of advanced periodontitis was further charac terised by the cc-expression in basal layers of CK14, and of CK13 but not C K4, which are characteristic of suprabasal layers of stratified squamous ep ithelia, Cytokeratin 17, a marker of high turnover and migrating epithelial cells was extremely variable with no clear association between expression pattern and location of the epithelium or disease status. There was no reac tivity for CK10/11 typical of cornifying cells nor of vimentin, the charact eristic intermediate filament of mesenchymal cells. The intermediate filame nt protein profile of the reactive lining epithelium was indistinguishable from the reactive epithelium present in three of five biopsies of periapica l granulomas containing hyperplastic epithelium from activation of the deve lopmental remnants of Hertwig's sheath, known as the cell rests of Malassez . The data reported are compatible with a contribution by remnants of devel opmental epithelium, including the reduced enamel epithelium and the cell r ests of Malassez, to the reactive lining epithelium of the subgingival pock et in the pathogenesis of chronic periodontitis.