Seedling emergence, survival and size in relation to light and water availability in two bottomland hardwood species

Citation
Ll. Battaglia et al., Seedling emergence, survival and size in relation to light and water availability in two bottomland hardwood species, J ECOLOGY, 88(6), 2000, pp. 1041-1050
Citations number
52
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Environment/Ecology
Journal title
JOURNAL OF ECOLOGY
ISSN journal
0022-0477 → ACNP
Volume
88
Issue
6
Year of publication
2000
Pages
1041 - 1050
Database
ISI
SICI code
0022-0477(200012)88:6<1041:SESASI>2.0.ZU;2-O
Abstract
1 Windstorm disturbances create a wide range of microsites which can have c omplex effects on forest regeneration patterns. We investigated the combine d effects of light and microtopography on emergence, mortality and size of seedlings of two bottomland hardwood canopy tree species, Quercus michauxii and Liquidambar styraciflua, over a 2-year period. A split-plot design in experimental tanks represented the range of light levels and the pits and m ounds found in a disturbed floodplain forest. 2 Emergence was always higher on mounds than in pits, except for L. styraci flua in full sunlight. For both species, mortality was consistently lower, and seedlings of both species grew better in both years on mounds. Light le vels did not affect the two later stages. 3 There were species-specific interactions between the effects of two facto rs on seedling emergence, Lower emergence of L. styraciflua on mounds in fu ll sunlight suggested that full sunlight at this stage can eliminate the ad vantage to later stages of being on a mound. The combined stresses of low l ight and a high water table significantly reduced emergence of Q. michauxii in pits at low light. 4 Microsites optimal, for one regeneration component of a species were not always optimal for others as seen for L. styraciflua. The relative signific ance of environmental factors also varied with regeneration stages, such th at neither light nor a light-water interaction influenced regeneration afte r emergence. 5 Environmental factors may have independent or interacting effects on rege neration, and the nature or presence of these effects can vary among demogr aphic stages. Within each environmental combination, effects may be consist ently positive or negative across stages; alternatively, demographic confli cts may develop.