Apoptosis of muscle cells causes weight loss prior to impairment of DNA synthesis in tumor-bearing rabbits

Citation
O. Ishiko et al., Apoptosis of muscle cells causes weight loss prior to impairment of DNA synthesis in tumor-bearing rabbits, JPN J CANC, 92(1), 2001, pp. 30-35
Citations number
21
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Onconogenesis & Cancer Research
Journal title
JAPANESE JOURNAL OF CANCER RESEARCH
ISSN journal
0910-5050 → ACNP
Volume
92
Issue
1
Year of publication
2001
Pages
30 - 35
Database
ISI
SICI code
0910-5050(200101)92:1<30:AOMCCW>2.0.ZU;2-H
Abstract
The mechanism of weight loss induced by the growth of malignant tumors is s till unknown, We investigated it by focusing on apoptosis of skeletal muscl e. VX2-tumor was implanted into rabbits and the apoptotic index (AI) of ske letal muscle was measured by in situ end-labeling assay. Plasma of the tumo r-bearing rabbits was perfused repeatedly through non-coated charcoal resin . The AI reached 54.6% early after tumor implantation, when weight loss amo unted to an 18% decrease in lean body mass (LBM) without change in muscle D NA synthesis or urinary 3-methylhistidine/ creatinine ratio (3-MH/Cr). When the decrease of LBM reached 30%, DNA synthesis was decreased by 48% and 3- MH/Cr was increased by 104%, whereas AI was only 4.7%. The plasma perfusion did not prevent apoptosis in muscle, but improved LBM, DNA synthesis, and 3-MH/Cr. There may be two mechanisms of muscle depletion during the tumor g rowth: apoptosis in the early stage and metabolic abnormalities in muscle i n the late stage.