Important recent herpetological prospections on the whole Central African R
epublic allowed the collection of nearly 6000 reptiles, all deposited in th
e Paris Natural History Museum collections, including several species refer
able to the genus Mabuya and new far science. One of these, originating fro
m the Pende area, at the northwestern edge of the country, slightly resembl
es the syntopic Mabuya quinquetaeniata scharica and Mabuya sulcata of South
Africa. Several scalation characters and coloration allow nevertheless to
distinguish them easily. We describe it as a new species : Mabuya pendeana.