Recent herpetological prospections on Mounts Bamboutos, along the Cameroon
volcanic ridge, have allowed the collection of several reptiles among which
an unknown species referred to the genus Mabuya. This species is superfici
ally similar to Mabuya megalura, an orophilic East African endemic species.
We describe it as a new species, Mabuya mekuana, and give a determination
key for the adult of the eight species of the genus Mabuya from Cameroon. T
he strong similarities of this new species, endemic from the Cameroon mount
ains, with the orophilic species of Eastern Africa, M. megalura, could be d
ue to convergence. Examination of the 36 specimens of M, megalura from the
Paris Museum collections and the literature data allows a better knowledge
of its distribution and reproduction.