Class, race, and job matching in contemporary urban labor markets

Authors
Citation
Jr. Elliott, Class, race, and job matching in contemporary urban labor markets, SOC SCI Q, 81(4), 2000, pp. 1036-1052
Citations number
33
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Sociology & Antropology
Journal title
SOCIAL SCIENCE QUARTERLY
ISSN journal
0038-4941 → ACNP
Volume
81
Issue
4
Year of publication
2000
Pages
1036 - 1052
Database
ISI
SICI code
0038-4941(200012)81:4<1036:CRAJMI>2.0.ZU;2-G
Abstract
Objective. Recent research on job matching has demonstrated the significanc e of personal contacts in linking workers to jobs. Few studies, however, ha ve examined how these dynamics vary by class position. I investigate this i ssue, focusing on nonsearches in addition to formal and informal job matchi ng. Methods. Data are drawn from the Multi-City Survey of Urban Inequality, which is based on a random sample of households in Atlanta, Boston, and Lo s Angeles. Results. Statistical analyses show that job matching varies sign ificantly by class position, with managers more likely to be matched throug h nonsearches, skilled labor through formal channels, and general labor thr ough personal intermediaries. The analyses also show that differences in ra cial composition among classes cannot fully explain this variation nor its effects on hourly wages. Conclusions. These findings suggest that class pos ition plays a key role in shaping contemporary job matching and merits more detailed attention in future research.