Survivalist entrepreneurship among urban blacks during the Great Depression: A test of the disadvantage theory of business enterprise

Authors
Citation
Rl. Boyd, Survivalist entrepreneurship among urban blacks during the Great Depression: A test of the disadvantage theory of business enterprise, SOC SCI Q, 81(4), 2000, pp. 972-984
Citations number
26
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Sociology & Antropology
Journal title
SOCIAL SCIENCE QUARTERLY
ISSN journal
0038-4941 → ACNP
Volume
81
Issue
4
Year of publication
2000
Pages
972 - 984
Database
ISI
SICI code
0038-4941(200012)81:4<972:SEAUBD>2.0.ZU;2-A
Abstract
Objective. This study tests the proposition that, during the Great Depressi on, joblessness, the most serious form of labor market disadvantage, compel led urban Blacks to become "survivalist entrepreneurs," that is, persons wh o start small businesses in response to the need to find an independent mea ns of livelihood. Methods. A regression analysis of 1940 census data was us ed. Results. In northern cities, the participation of Blacks in several ent repreneurial occupations was significantly associated with the Black employ ment-population ratio, a measure of labor market disadvantage. The associat ion was particularly strong for Black women in these cities. Conclusions. T he disadvantage theory of business enterprise can help explain Black entrep reneurship.