Nuclear structure studies with radioactive beams at GSI

Citation
T. Aumann et al., Nuclear structure studies with radioactive beams at GSI, APH NS-HEAV, 12(2-4), 2000, pp. 111-118
Citations number
31
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Physics
Journal title
ACTA PHYSICA HUNGARICA NEW SERIES-HEAVY ION PHYSICS
ISSN journal
1219-7580 → ACNP
Volume
12
Issue
2-4
Year of publication
2000
Pages
111 - 118
Database
ISI
SICI code
1219-7580(2000)12:2-4<111:NSSWRB>2.0.ZU;2-7
Abstract
The electromagnetic excitation process at beam energies around 500 MeV/u is utilized to probe the dipole response of light neutron-rich nuclei. The se condary beams are produced in fragmentation reactions and separated by the GSI fragment separator FRS. By measuring the neutron decay after inelastic scattering on a Pb target in a kinematically complete experiment, the diffe rential electromagnetic excitation cross sections d sigma /dE* are derived. The oxygen isotope chain is studied systematically ranging from A = 17 to A = 22. Low-lying dipole strength is observed, exhausting about 10% of the energy-weighted dipole sum rule for excitation energies below 15 MeV. Even though this soft dipole excitation is present in all neutron-rich oxygen is otopes investigated, the cluster sum rule associated with the dipole motion of the valence nucleons against the O-16 core is only fully exhausted for O-18. For the halo nuclei Be-11 and C-15,C-17 it is shown that detailed spe ctroscopic information on the ground state single particle structure can be deduced from the 'threshold' dipole strength.