Prevalence and risk factors of hepatitis B virus, hepatitis C virus, and human immunodeficiency virus infections among drug addicts in Bangladesh

Citation
T. Shirin et al., Prevalence and risk factors of hepatitis B virus, hepatitis C virus, and human immunodeficiency virus infections among drug addicts in Bangladesh, J HEALTH PO, 18(3), 2000, pp. 145-150
Citations number
21
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Envirnomentale Medicine & Public Health
Journal title
JOURNAL OF HEALTH POPULATION AND NUTRITION
ISSN journal
1606-0997 → ACNP
Volume
18
Issue
3
Year of publication
2000
Pages
145 - 150
Database
ISI
SICI code
1606-0997(200012)18:3<145:PARFOH>2.0.ZU;2-1
Abstract
This cross-sectional study investigated the prevalence and risk factors of hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV), and human immunodeficienc y virus (HIV) infections among 266 drug users attending a drug-addiction tr eatment centre in Dhaka, Bangladesh, from November 1996 to April 1997. Of t he 266 addicts, 129 were injectable drug users (IDUs), and 137 were non-inj ectable drug users (non-IDUs). The seroprevalences of hepatitis B virus sur face antigen (HBsAg), anti-HBc, anti-HBs, and anti-HCV antibodies among the IDUs were 8 (6.2%),41 (31.8%), 15 (11.6%), and 32 (24.8%), and among the n on-IDUs were 6 (4.4%), 33 (24.1%), 9 (6.6%), and 8 (5.8%) respectively. Non e of the drug users were positive for anti-HIV antibody. Although the preva lence of HBV infection did not significantly differ between the IDUs and th e non-IDUs, the prevalence of HCV infection was significantly higher among the IDUs. Among the IDUs, the prevalence of both HBV and HCV infections was associated with sharing of needles and longer duration of injectable drugs used. The seroprevalence of HBV infection in both IDUs and non-IDUs was si gnificantly higher among those who had a history of extramarital and premar ital sex. The prevalence of HCV infection was not associated with sexual pr omiscuity. There was no association between the seroprevalence of HBV and H CV infections and age. Active preventive programmes focusing on educational campaigns among the youths against substance abuse should be undertaken.