Globalization and the change of international companies. Conceptual remarks and the example of the German carmakers

Authors
Citation
L. Pries, Globalization and the change of international companies. Conceptual remarks and the example of the German carmakers, KOLNER Z SO, 52(4), 2000, pp. 670
Citations number
71
Language
TEDESCO
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Psycology
Journal title
KOLNER ZEITSCHRIFT FUR SOZIOLOGIE UND SOZIALPSYCHOLOGIE
ISSN journal
0023-2653 → ACNP
Volume
52
Issue
4
Year of publication
2000
Database
ISI
SICI code
0023-2653(200012)52:4<670:GATCOI>2.0.ZU;2-0
Abstract
In the globalization discourse the relation between the change of companies as business organizations and the diagnosed overall globalization process often remains unclear. Three different analytic levels of this problem are distinguished: (1) the relation between globalization and company internati onalization, (2) the relation between international companies as a whole an d their internationally distributed units as sub-organizations and (3) the relation between the internationalization of companies and their overall ch ange as companies. Based on the example of the German automobile industry t hree dominant research programs are revisited (international automobile res earch, sociology of organizations and management sociology on international companies) and the conceptual framework of company- (internationalization) profiles is presented. It is argued that the specific dynamics of the Germa n Big Three Volkswagen, BMW and Mercedes-Benz in the 1990s has to be interp reted as the coincidence of fundamental changes in headquarters, plants and the international division of labor between them.