Background: Heat shock proteins (HSPs) play essential roles as molecular ch
aperones in tells to assist in the repair of degenerated proteins. The expr
ession of HSPs in polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNLs) following insult has
not been delineated. The objective of this study was to clarify the serial
changes in HSP expression in PMNLs from trauma patients.
Methods: Fifty severely injured patients (mean Injury Severity Scare of 31.
8 +/- 10.8) and 17 healthy volunteers were included as study subjects, floo
d samples were serially obtained at three time points: days 0 to 1, days 2
to 5, and days 6 to 1J after the trauma event, We measured expressions of H
SP27, HSP60, HSP70, and HSP90 in permeabilized PMNLs by flow cytometry usin
g a monoclonal antibody generated against each HSP and fluorescein isothioc
yanate-conjugated antimouse immunoglobulins as secondary reagents. We also
evaluated the expression of HSP70 mRNA in PMNLs by Northern blot hybridizat
ion and the expression of HSP70 in PMNLs by fluorescence microscopy.
Results: Expressions of HSP27, HSP70, and HSP90 in PMNLs from trauma patien
ts were significantly greater than in PMNLs from healthy volunteers in ail
three periods (days 0-1, days 2-5, and days 6-14). The expression of HSP60
in HNLs from trauma patients was significantly greater than normal expressi
on on days 2 to 5 and days 6 to 14, The values for HSP27, HSP60, and HSP70
on days 2 to 5 were significantly higher than those on days 0 to 1, The exp
ression of HSP70 mRNA in PMNLs was significantly enhanced for as long as 2
weeks after trauma compared with that in normal volunteers.
Conclusion: Severe trauma causes demonstrated enhanced expression of HSPs i
n PMNLs during the acute phase. This enhanced expression of HSPs may regula
te PMNL functions.