Enhanced expression of heat shock proteins in leukocytes from trauma patients

N. Hashiguchi et al., Enhanced expression of heat shock proteins in leukocytes from trauma patients, J TRAUMA, 50(1), 2001, pp. 102-107
Citations number
Categorie Soggetti
Aneshtesia & Intensive Care
Year of publication
102 - 107
SICI code
Background: Heat shock proteins (HSPs) play essential roles as molecular ch aperones in tells to assist in the repair of degenerated proteins. The expr ession of HSPs in polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNLs) following insult has not been delineated. The objective of this study was to clarify the serial changes in HSP expression in PMNLs from trauma patients. Methods: Fifty severely injured patients (mean Injury Severity Scare of 31. 8 +/- 10.8) and 17 healthy volunteers were included as study subjects, floo d samples were serially obtained at three time points: days 0 to 1, days 2 to 5, and days 6 to 1J after the trauma event, We measured expressions of H SP27, HSP60, HSP70, and HSP90 in permeabilized PMNLs by flow cytometry usin g a monoclonal antibody generated against each HSP and fluorescein isothioc yanate-conjugated antimouse immunoglobulins as secondary reagents. We also evaluated the expression of HSP70 mRNA in PMNLs by Northern blot hybridizat ion and the expression of HSP70 in PMNLs by fluorescence microscopy. Results: Expressions of HSP27, HSP70, and HSP90 in PMNLs from trauma patien ts were significantly greater than in PMNLs from healthy volunteers in ail three periods (days 0-1, days 2-5, and days 6-14). The expression of HSP60 in HNLs from trauma patients was significantly greater than normal expressi on on days 2 to 5 and days 6 to 14, The values for HSP27, HSP60, and HSP70 on days 2 to 5 were significantly higher than those on days 0 to 1, The exp ression of HSP70 mRNA in PMNLs was significantly enhanced for as long as 2 weeks after trauma compared with that in normal volunteers. Conclusion: Severe trauma causes demonstrated enhanced expression of HSPs i n PMNLs during the acute phase. This enhanced expression of HSPs may regula te PMNL functions.