Background: DNA double-strand breaks (DSB) are the major lethal lesions ind
uced by ionizing radiation. The capability for DNA DSB repair is crucial fo
r inherent radiosensitivity of tumor and normal cells. DNA-PKcs, Ku 70, Ku
85, Xrcc4, and Nbsl play a critical role in DNA DSB repair.
Methods: We immunohistochemically investigated the expression of DNA-PKcs,
Ku 70, Ku85, Xrcc4, and Nbsl in 134 specimens from various normal and tumor
tissues with different radiosensitivity.
Results and Conclusion: Immunopositivity to Ku70, Ku85, DNA-PKcs, Xrcc4, an
d Nbsl was found in all tumor tissues examined. The staining for Ku70, Ku85
, and DNA-PKcs was nuclear; but, for Xrcc4 and Nbsl, it was nuclear and cyt
oplasmic. There were no apparent differences in the expression of these fiv
e proteins among cancerous tissues and the corresponding normal tissues. No
apparent differences in nuclear staining intensity were detected in the ex
pression of these five proteins among tumor tissues with different radiosen
sitivity, although non-Hodgkins' lymphoma (B or T cell) tended to show a lo
wer expression than the others. The stromal cells generally expressed these
five proteins at much lower frequency than either tumor or epithelial cell
s in both tumor and normal tissues. (C) 2001 Elsevier Science Inc.