Pulmonary CT findings in acute mercury vapour exposure

Citation
M. Hashimoto et al., Pulmonary CT findings in acute mercury vapour exposure, CLIN RADIOL, 56(1), 2001, pp. 17-21
Citations number
10
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Radiology ,Nuclear Medicine & Imaging
Journal title
CLINICAL RADIOLOGY
ISSN journal
0009-9260 → ACNP
Volume
56
Issue
1
Year of publication
2001
Pages
17 - 21
Database
ISI
SICI code
0009-9260(200101)56:1<17:PCFIAM>2.0.ZU;2-5
Abstract
AIM: We describe the pulmonary computed tomography (CT) findings in acute m ercury poisoning. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Initial (n = 8) and follow-up (n = 6) chest CT exami nations in eight patients exposed to mercury vapour while cutting pipes in a sulphuric acid plant were reviewed. Of the eight patients, two were asymp tomatic and had normal CT results, two were asymptomatic but had abnormalit ies on CT, and four had both acute symptoms and positive CT results. The pa tients were all men whose ages ranged from 37 to 54 years (mean, 49 years). RESULTS: Poorly defined nodules were present in five of six patients with p ositive CT findings, present alone in two patients or as part of a mixed pa ttern in three. They were random in distribution. Alveolar consolidation (n = 3) and areas of ground-glass opacity (n = 4) were observed and were more prominent in the most severely affected patients with the highest blood an d urine level of mercury, predominantly in the upper and/or middle zone. Th ese abnormal findings on CT resolved with (n = 1) or without (n = 5) steroi d therapy. Pathological findings (n = 1) demonstrated acute interstitial ch anges predominantly with oedema. CONCLUSION: We report CT findings in eight patients acutely exposed to merc ury vapour. The pulmonary injury,vas reversible on CT in these cases. Hashi moto, M. et nl. (2001). Clinical Radiology 56, 17-21. (C) 2001 The Royal Co llege of Radiologists.