The effect of experience on the detection of small eye movements

Citation
N. Fogt et al., The effect of experience on the detection of small eye movements, OPT VIS SCI, 77(12), 2000, pp. 670-674
Citations number
7
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Optalmology
Journal title
OPTOMETRY AND VISION SCIENCE
ISSN journal
1040-5488 → ACNP
Volume
77
Issue
12
Year of publication
2000
Pages
670 - 674
Database
ISI
SICI code
1040-5488(200012)77:12<670:TEOEOT>2.0.ZU;2-F
Abstract
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine whether experience impr oves detection of small eye movements similar to those seen in the cover te st during ideal conditions. Methods: Three groups of examiners with varying amounts of experience in eye movement detection tasks were studied. Eight examiners were 1st-year optometry students, six were 4th-year optometry stu dents, and six were practicing optometrists. To determine thresholds for ey e movement detection, examiners indicated the horizontal direction in which the eyes of one of the experimenters moved. The direction and extent of ea ch eye movement was randomly selected. The extent of the eye movement was o ne of Right logarithmic steps from a maximum that was determined through an initial session where the approximate sensitivity of the examiners was fou nd (generally +/- 1.75 prism diopters). Results: Detection thresholds were determined by fitting the data with a cumulative Gaussian function. The mea n horizontal eye movement eye movement necessary to obtain 99% correct judg ments was 2.65 prism diopters for the 1st-year students, 2.47 prism diopter s for the 4th-year students, and 2.40 prism diopters for the practicing opt ometrists, Conclusions: The results indicate that during ideal conditions, little or no training is required for efficient detection of small eye move ments. (Optom Vis Sci 2000;77:670-674).