Low-dose aspirin and vitamin E in people at cardiovascular risk: a randomised trial in general practice

Authors
Tognoni, G Avanzini, F Pangrazzi, J Roncaglioni, MC Bertele, V de Gaetano, G Caimi, V Tombesi, M Colombo, F Barlera, S Clerici, F Palumbo, A Sgaroni, G Geraci, E Del Favero, A Decarli, A Alli, C Beghi, E Coen, D Volpi, A Accattoli, P Agneta, A Alberino, S Amoroso, U Angeletti, M Antiga, G Ariutti, R Armani, F Bacci, G Balzan, C Banchi, G Barba, G Baron, P Barone, A Bartoli, M Bartoli, PL Barucca, G Bedon, R Bellini, M Bencivenni, A Benetti, R Beretta, E Bertini, L Bertolissi, S Berton, G Besozzi, E Bevilacqua, S Bianchi, A Bigotto, D Bini, MI Bizzarri, G Boldini, L Pioltelli, MB Bossi, S Bozzetto, RM Brizzi, A Bruno, B Bussotti, A Buzzatti, A Cadioli, T Caimi, V Calciano, FP Caldarini, L Calienno, S Caltaginone, P Cancian, M Cantamessa, GL Caporali, N Carli, M Cascini, G Casella, P Casella, M Caso, C Cassanelli, M Catalano, A Cavallini, M Cazzaniga, F Cedaro, P Celia, M Cella, L Chiara, P Ciardullo, AV Ciccone, G Ciociano, C Cipolla, A Ciprietti, E Cocco, L Cocconi, F Conio, S Corasaniti, F Cozzani, L Cressotti, ML Cuozzo, E Cusmai, L D'Errico, GB D'Innocente, G De Angelis, C De Chirico, C De Grandi, M De Maria, E De Matteis, C De Matteis, D Della Vedova, R Di Giovambattista, E Di Giuseppe, M Di Santi, M Dionette, MG Egitto, A Emma, V Ermacora, T Esposito, P Falcoz, M Civitillo, UF Ferrara, FN Ferrari, V Ferreri, A Ferroni, M Filippo, S Fortunato, S Fossati, B Frapporti, G Frascati, A Fucili, R Fumagalli, MA Gadducci, P Galli, G Galvani, O Gamerini, V Gangi, F Gasparri, R Gazzetta, F Gentile, W Germano, S Germini, F Ghionda, F Giaretta, M Giommoni, U Giugliano, R Giusta, F Giusti, P Grilli, P Groppelli, G Gualtieri, S Guerrini, A Guillaro, B Ibello, L Ingletti, MA Klavora, MG Lattuada, G Lauri, D Lenotti, M Lepore, L Licursi, G Lombardi, P Lombardo, M Lorello, M Lovisa, E Luisetto, G Luvisi, P Maestri, P Maggioni, R Malavasi, P Mao, M Marcello, A Marinacci, S Marini, E Marolla, M Martini, C Marulli, C Masperi, M Mastella, M Mastrocola, M Matteucci, A Mazzu, M Mellace, A Mezzacapo, GM Migaldi, D Miluzio, A Miradoli, R Misiani, V Monina, M Montanari, U Moretti, S Morini, M Moro, A Moscardini, S Moschitta, P Mossa, V Mureddu, G Murgia, R Mussini, AM Nafra, G Nasorri, R Nati, G Nicoletti, L Nicoli, S Nuccioni, S Paci, C Pagliani, S Palatella, A Palmieri, E Panarese, G Panigada, M Panza, EG Parma, E Paroli, G Patricelli, R Perego, GB Perrone, G Perugini, I Petracchini, V Petrera, L Petrucci, R Piazza, G Piccolo, F Pignatti, M Pignotti, DE Pinto, D Pirovano, E Pirrotta, D Pizzolon, F Poggi, D Prencipe, G Quinterio, S Rafanelli, P Ragone, L Ramunni, A Ribetto, BM Rinaldi, N Riva, MG Rocca, M Rossitto, A Sagnelli, C Saitta, G Salvi, S Salvio, G Sampaolo, G Santangelo, A Shianchi, P Schirosa, G Schirra, A Scolarin, C Serni, R Serra, O Seveso, MP Silvestre, G Simone, C Simonetti, R Sissa, F Sizzano, E Soave, P Staffilano, N Stranges, M Suzzi, F Suzzi, M Tazza, AC Telleschi, D Titta, G Tognolo, M Tomasi, A Tomba, A Tombesi, M Tonello, P Tonon, R Torella, M Tornari, P Uberti, M Ursini, G Varriale, A Vece, R Ventriglia, R Venturini, O Veramonti, I Veronelli, G Verrengia, L Villa, A Villa, F Vincenti, G Visca, MR Visona, E Vitali, F Vitanza, A Zappone, P Zorzetti, G Autoliatano, A Artusa, M Berto, I Bajardi, P Beretta, R Costantini, C Caldorola, P Barile, N Cavalera, C Cristofari, M D'Amico, S Fiorenza, AM Torri, A Garavelli, G Giardinieri, M Nosotti, L Guglielmi, M Pietrofeso, R Mattarei, M Rossi, S Pasotti, C Capra, A Ronchi, E Palumbo, G Stagni, B Cappellari, G Faronato, PP Lagomanzini, P Capuano, V Castiglioni, G Fantasia, R Cosmi, F De Vivo, L De Caro, G Pepe, G Di Mauro, G Gifuni, FE Magliaro, A Muzio, F Piantadosi, FR Scarlini, GF D'Aguanno, G Sodano, G Vicari, L Roncaglioni, MC Avanzini, F Colombo, F Pangrazzi, J Tognoni, G Bertele, V de Goetsme, G Caimi, V Tombesi, M
Citation
G. Tognoni et al., Low-dose aspirin and vitamin E in people at cardiovascular risk: a randomised trial in general practice, LANCET, 357(9250), 2001, pp. 89-95
Citations number
33
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
General & Internal Medicine","Medical Research General Topics
Journal title
LANCET
ISSN journal
0140-6736 → ACNP
Volume
357
Issue
9250
Year of publication
2001
Pages
89 - 95
Database
ISI
SICI code
0140-6736(20010113)357:9250<89:LAAVEI>2.0.ZU;2-N
Abstract
Background In addition to the treatment of specific cardiovascular risk fac tors, intervention which interferes with the general mechanisms of atherosc lerosis could further reduce the incidence of cardiovascular events. We aim ed to investigate in general practice the efficacy of antiplatelets and ant ioxidants in primary prevention of cardiovascular events in people with one or more major cardiovascular risk factors. Methods We did a randomised controlled open 2x2 factorial trial to investig ate low-dose aspirin (100 mg/day) and vitamin E (300 mg/day) in the prevent ion of cardiovascular events, in people with one or more of the following: hypertension, hypercholesterolaemia, diabetes, obesity, family history of p remature myocardial infarction, or individuals who were elderly. Findings 4495 people (2583 female, mean age 64.4 years) were included in th e trial. After a mean follow-up of 3.6 years the trial was prematurely stop ped on ethical grounds when newly available evidence from other trials on t he benefit of aspirin in primary prevention was strictly consistent with th e results of the second planned interim analysis. Aspirin lowered the frequ ency of all the endpoints, being significant for cardiovascular death (from 1.4 to 0.8%; relative risk 0.56 [95% CI 0.31-0.99]) and total cardiovascul ar events (from 8.2 to 6.3%; 0.77 [0.62-0.95]). Severe bleedings were more frequent in the aspirin group than the no-aspirin group (1.1% vs 0.3%; p<0. 0008). Vitamin E showed no effect on any prespecified endpoint. Analyses we re by intention-to-treat. p<0.0008). Interpretation In women and men at risk of having a cardiovascular event be cause of the presence of at least one major risk factor, law-dose aspirin g iven in addition to treatment of specific risk factors contributes an addit ional preventive effect, with an acceptable safety profile. The results on vitamin E's cardiovascular primary preventive efficacy are not conclusive p er se, although our results are consistent with the negative results of oth er large published trials on secondary prevention.